Museum of Plugs and Sockets logo, small SEV 1011 standard
Swiss plugs and sockets
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Plugs and sockets according to SEV 1011:2009, defined by the Schweizerischer Elektrotechnischer Verein (SEV) are only used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
 Type J profile Related gallery:
heavy duty / 3-phase types

 

Schemes of Swiss T11, T12 and T23 plugs
Swiss domestic plugs have a distinctive hexagonal shape. The design dates back to the late 1930s. T11 and T12 were introduced in 1953, T23 in 1998  (T = Typ).
Derived three-phase plugs - T15 (1979) and T25 (1998) - are shown in the Swiss heavy duty page.

Shape of IEC 60906-1 plugs (proposed international plug standard, published in 1986) is based on Swiss T12, but pin diameter and earth pin offset differ.

 

Swiss T13 socket and matching T12 plug
Swiss T13 corner plug Swiss T13 connector

Swiss T23 socket and matching plug
Swiss T23 connector plug Swiss T13 connector, inside

1 Standard T13 domestic, recessed socket and matching T12 earthed plug. Rating: 10A - 250V.
From 2017 it is no longer allowed to sell or install non-recessed sockets (see nos. 12 and 13). Plugs with partially insulated L and N pins have been introduced in 2009. Earth pins may not have insulating sleeves. From 2013 it is no longer allowed to sell T11 (see image 7) and T12 plugs without sleeves.
T12 plugs are polarized plug because of the off-center position of the earth pin (line and neutral can't be reversed).
Manufacturers: Feller AG (socket) and Max Hauri AG (plug). Corresponding logos are shown below.
note
Also non-recessed T12 sockets exists (see image 13), but from 2017 it is no longer allowed to sell these sockets.

2 T12 plug with side cord entry. Design and manufacturer: Max Hauri AG.
3 T13 connector plug for T12 plugs. See also no. 6. Manufacturer: Max Hauri AG
4 T23 socket and plug rated at 16A - 250V. The rectangular pins prevents the use of T23 plugs in 10A T13 sockets or connectors, but the other way round, 10A T12 round pin plugs fit in T23 sockets.
16A plugs do not have partially insulated  L and N pins, because 16A sockets have always been recessed.
Manufacturers: Amacher AG (socket) and
WAROB, trademark of PWF Kunststofftechnik AG (plug).
5 16A T23 connector plug for either T12 or T23 plugs. Manufacturer: Max Hauri AG., but the connector has a TH logo From ca. 2000 Max Hauri owns the Tschudin & Heid trade-mark and produces the line of TH plugs.
6 Although each of the three pins of T12 plugs have the same length, the earth pin makes contact first when a plug is inserted in a T13 socket or connector. The inside view of a T13 connector shows that the earth contact position is 5 mm ahead of L and N contacts. The advanced position applies also to T23 sockets and connectors. Manufacturer: Max Hauri AG.

Plug and connector of Swiss T11 extension
Max Hauri logo


Swiss T11 Schalenstecker


7 Extension cord with T11 plug and T11 connector, rated at 10A - 250V. From 2009 selling of rewireable plugs and connectors without protective earth is no longer allowed. Only T11extension and appliance cords with non-rewireable, moulded plugs are still available.
Plugs must have insulating sleeves. The connector has shutters. T11 plugs fit in T13 and T23 sockets, as well as phased out T12 sockets (see image 13). Not earthed wall sockets have been taken off market in 1955.
Manufacturer: Max Hauri AG.   {PW}

Dimensions of the T11 extension cord plug are similar to 2.5A Europlugs (Swiss SN EN 50075, also indicated as T26). The crucial difference between a T11 and T26 cord is the wire diameter: at least 1.0 mm2 for T11, whereas 0.75 mm2 is allowed for T26.

8 The image shows a T11 Schalenstecker that consists of two shells and a holder with two pins. Pins do not have screws to fix wires, instead wires have to be joined with solder. Wiring and assembling shells results in a T11 plug that can't be rewired. Since Schalenstecker are non-rewireable, an image processing program has been used to "assemble" the T11 plug shown in image 8.

The Schalenstecker is a patented design by Max Hauri and is used only for the Plug Rework Service offered by Max Hauri AG.
Plug Rework Service means converting electrical equipment to Swiss standards. The original non-swiss plug is replaced by a T11 or T12 plug. The museum is grateful to Max Hauri for donating a T11 Schalenstecker, a model that is nowhere for sale.   {PW}

Swiss T11 FixAdapter for IEC 7/17 plugs
Swiss T23 FixAdapter for IEC 7/7 plugs

9 - 11
Electrical equipment, made by continental European manufacturers often have appliance cords with a moulded earthed (CEE 7/7) or non-earthed (CEE 7/17) hybrid Schuko plug.

Fix-Adapters offer a simple method for using non-Swiss appliance cords in Switzerland.
Image No. 9 shows a T11-CEE 7/17 (10A). The Fix-Adapter has two plastic pins. They prevent using the not earthed adapter for earthed CEE 7/7 plugs.
Image No. 10 shows a T23-CEE 7/17 (16A) model
Image No. 11 CEE 7/7 and 7/17 Fix-Adapters are also available with a 10A T12 plug.

A plug inserted in a Fix-Adapter can't be removed because of a ring of metal barbs in each pin contact holes (see image 9, inset). CEE plug and adapter form a permanent couple. An alternative would be the use of a travel adapter, but in Switzerland they are allowed only for temporary use.

Manufacturers: Werkstatt für Gestaltung, WfG AG (nos 9, 10) and Steffen AG (No. 11)


Swiss T12 FixAdapter for IEC 7/7 plugs

 

Swiss T12 socket with plug Swiss Type 12 sockets Swiss Type 12 multi-plug

12, 13
Image 12 illustrates that using a plug without insulating sleeves in combination with a non-recessed T12 socket is potentially dangerous. Image 13 show two classic, flush type T12 sockets. Left: single outlet socket. Right: an elegant triple outlet T12 socket (also available as recessed T13 socket model).
Manufacturers: image 12: Feller AG (socket) and unknown company (plug) using logo q (see below);   image 13: Electro-Mica AG (socket left) and Amacher AG (triple outlet socket).

The use of recessed T13 sockets minimizes the risk of electrocution, but non-recessed T12 sockets can still be found in many older homes. That was an important reason to introduce plugs with partially insulated line and neutral pins in 2009. Selling plugs with non-isolated pins was prohibited four years later.

14 3-way T12 multi plug. Production of the model ended mid 1990s, because it had a serious safely problem. It is possible to insert only one pin of a T11 or Europlug. Depending on the appliance attached to a flex cord, touching the other - free - pin may result in an electric shock. The manufacturer of the multi-plug is not indicated.

Swiss type 1 plug Comparison of Swiss Type 1 and Type 12 plugs Swiss T1 pluf, flat model

15 Out of date Swiss T1 plug, rated at 10A-250V. From 1 January 2000 it is no longer allowed to sell or install type 1 plugs. Instead T12 plugs have to be used (or moulded T11, see image 7).
Manufacturer: unknown company that used a logo with P and M (see logo p below).
16 Difference between a T12 and T1 plug. The rectangular shape of T1 plug No. 15 makes it impossible to use it in recessed sockets. T1 plugs can only be used in T12 sockets, which are gradually phased out.
Manufacturer of the white T12 plug: Tschudin & Heid.
17 Example of a round, unusual flat T1 plug with cord side entry. Rating: 10A - 250V. Wires have to be twisted trough grooves in the pin top (see inset). Inside the plug there is insufficient space for screws to faster wires more securely.
The ASEV mark could indicate that plug has been made in Switzerland. The unknown company used a logo with a single H.

Swiss type 14 plug (obsolete) Swiss T14 socket Swiss T14 socket, inside
Swiss T12 plug, older model

Swiss T14 adapter Swiss type 12b plug. Swiss type 12c plug.

18

21
Obsolete T14 plug. Position of power pins and earth contact is identical to T2 plugs, the original Swiss earthed plug introduced in the 1930s. Rating: 10A - 250V. Construction of the T14 plug allows addition of an earth pin at the same position (green arrow) of a T12 earth pin (see plug 21; identical to plug 11).
Manufacturer of T14 plug: unknown company that used a logo with M and W (see logo j below).   {EA}

T2 sockets had an earth pin, a system comparable to CEE 7/5*. Old Swiss, not earthed (T1) plugs with a round base (see nos. 17 and 26) cannot be inserted in a T2 socket because of the earth pin. The other way round, an earthed T2 plug fits into a not earthed T1 socket (not in museum collection), but the security provided by the earth connection is broken. To avoid this potentially dangerous situation a new type of earthed plug has been designed in 1937. The new, T12 model has been introduced in 1953.

* Offset of earth contact: Swiss T2 / T14 = 13.6 mm;  CEE 7/5 = 10.6 mm;  Swiss T12 = 5 mm.
19, 20
When earthed T2 plugs and sockets were replaced by T12 plugs and T13 sockets in 1953, a "transition" T14 socket was introduced that accepts both old T2 and new T12 plugs. T14 sockets were available until 1975.
Image 20 shows the inner part of T14 socket No. 19. Manufacturer: Feller AG   {EA}
22 T12 adapter plug with two T14 outlets that accept old T2 and modern T12 plugs. Manufacturer: F. Baillod S.A.    {FS}

23, 24
T12b (no. 23) and T12c (no. 24) are special type 10A plugs, derived from older plug variants for different electricity tariffs, a system that no longer exists. Production of sockets of so-called flach-flach (T12b) and flach-rund (T12c) Nebertypen lasted till end 2012. Plugs are still available for replacement. The shown plugs have been ordered in 2016 by F. Baillod S.A.
A third variant, with two flat pins in tandem position have existed also.

Swiss classic type 1 plug
Swiss classic type 1 plug
Swiss classic type 1 plug made by Frankl & Kirschner


23 Classic, Bakelite T1 plug, rated at 6A - 250V. The plug, that has an older type ASEV certification mark, has been made for the Swiss company SOLIS, designer and manufacturer of domestic appliances. It is unknown which company has made the plug.  Dating: 1950s - '60s.   {WN}
24 Bakelite 6A - 250V plug. Production of round base plugs in Switzerland ended when hexagonal plugs and sockets were introduced. The plug has an ASEV certification mark and an unknown manufacturer's logo with a B and K, or R (see logo n below). Dating: probably early 1950s.   {WN}
25 Classic, Bakelite earthed plug with Swiss pin configuration. The plug has an unusual low rating of 2A - 250V.
Manufacturer: German company Frankl & Kirchner. The German MPAD mark, indicating origin and type of Bakelite casts suggests that the plug dates back to the early 1950s. It does not have any certification mark.   {WN}

 


Marks and logos shown on Swiss plugs and sockets in the museum collection are depicted in images a - q.
Companies that use thier full name have been left out (i.e. Amacher, WAROB and Solis).

More information about Swiss manufacturers is given in a separate list.


Swiss SEV marks
Logos on Swiss plugs and sockets

a
b
c
The Association Suisse des Électriciens (ASE) / Schweizerischer Elektrotechnischer Verein (SEV), founded in 1889, is active on promotion and testing of function and safety of electrical installations and appliances. In 2002 the association has been renamed to Electrosuisse. Certification mark 'a' has been used by ASE/SEV. In 2002 mark 'b' has been introduced. Occasionally SEV conformity symbol 'c' can be found.
d F. Baillod S.A. in La Chaux-de-Fonds (NE)
Logos of unknown, probably Swiss, manufacturers:
e Electro-Mica AG in Mollis (GL) m found on an old T12 plug (not shown)
f Feller AG in Horgen (ZH), classic AFH logo n found on Bakelite plug shown in image 24
g Feller AG in Horgen (ZH), modern logo o found on T14 plug shown in image 18
h Frankl & Kirchner (now Efka) in Schwetzingen, Germany p found on T1 plug shown in images 15 and 16
i Max Hauri AG, Bischofszell (TG) q found on T12 plug shown in images 11 and 21
j A. Steffen AG in Spreitenbach (ZH)

k Tschudin & Heid in Waldenburg (BL)
If you recognize a logo, please inform me.
l Werkstatt für Gestaltung, WfG AG in Zürich (ZH)

Find my address at the start page.

 


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