|UK folding plugs
BS 1363 pin configuration
|Because of various safety considerations
BS 1363 plugs are quite large.
In particular size and position of the earth pin adds significantly to
plug size. Opening of compulsory socket shutters by a large earth pin
is a relevant safety mechanism, but it means that also class II
equipment - such as cell phone, tablet and build-in laptop chargers -
requires an ISOD pin (Insulated Shutter Opening Device).
Many users of portable electronic devices would like to have a compact power lead rather than a power cord with a relatively bulky standard BS 1363 plug. Several folding plug designs have been made to meet the needs of the market. Two of them have been approved, the Slimplug and ThinPlug. A third design, the Mu charger, is a folding plug with USB charger incorporated.
|1 - 3
a power lead with a folding pin plug that
can be used for all equipment using a IEC 60320 C7 ('figure of
eight') connector. Slimplug set a world first as it was granted a
product approval license in 2006 for a folding pin plug meeting British
Standard BS1363.* Plug height is 24 mm with pins closed (image nos. 1
and 2). Image no. 3 shows the plug ready for use.
To open, hold plug with pin side facing straight down and pull up on side buttons to release the pins (see green arrows in image no. 1). Let gravity do the rest. To close, place plug on a flat surface with pins upwards. Push down the side buttons to release the pins. Again, gravity will do the rest.
* The Slimplug has been designed with a view of offering a fully functional earthed plug, hence its brass earth pin. However ASTA BEAB, UK's leading independent body for electrical testing and product safety approval, has not allowed any folding plug to be earthed. The reason for this refusal is that the folding operation of L and N pins is not linked to the folding of the earth pin. L and N can be deployed whilst the earth pin remain folded, or the other way round. Both situation can be potentially unsafe. The Slimplug 'earth pin' now acts as an ISOD only.
|4||Part of the original scheme showing the Slimplug internal wiring. Click for an enlargement.|
front and side view, and IEC 60320 C7 connector. The folding plug is
tested and approved by ASTA and complies to BS 1363 for class II
portable electronics. The plug is not rewirable; a figure of
eight (C7) is connected to the mains lead.
The ThinPlug has a height of 16 mm with folded ISOD (image nos. 1 and 2). The red fuse holder can be rotated to replace the 3A BS 1362 fuse (see image no. 1, right).
|6 - 8
central column of the ThinPlug is connected to the main body and
rotates on its axis to a vertical fixed position (images 6, 7).
Then rotatably connected red pin that is housed within the central column is released and rotates into open position ready for insertion into a socket (images. 7, 8). The red pin is a ISOD. Both rotations can be done with a flick of a thumb.
To close, simply reverse the procedure.
alternative product is the ThinCharger. It is essentially identical to
the above shown model, but it has a build-in 5V-1A USB charger, rather
than a mains lead and C7 connector.
USB charger. Min-Kyu-Choi's first prototype of a folding BS 1363 mains plug, using the same principle as
the Mu USB charger,
was presented in 2009. The plug failed to pass the certification
procedure. However, the folding USB charger does not have a mains lead
and a BS 1363 certification is not necessary. The charger is on the
market since 2012.
The almost square Classic charger measures 55 x 60 mm and is in closed position only 14 mm thick. The classic type has a single, 5V-1A USB outlet.
Another type in the Mu range is the Mu Duo with two rear 5V-1.2A USB ports. There is also a more powerful Mu Tablet version that has a single 2.4A USB port.
|9 - 11||Unfolding
charger. Step 1: open the side flaps (images 9-10); step 2: rotate the
line/neutral pins 90° clockwise (images 10-11). The side flaps are
locked when the L/N pins are in horizontal position.
of a Mu Classic USB charger with open side flaps.
|D i g i t a l M u s e u m o f||P l u g s a n d S o c k e t s|