|IEC 60309 standard
plugs and sockets
60309 (formerly IEC 309) is an international standard from the
International Electrotechnical Commission for plugs,
socket-outlets and couplers for industrial purposes.
IEC 60309-2 specifies a range of mains power connectors with circular housings, and different numbers and arrangements of pins for different applications.
The following colour coding is used: yellow = 100-130V; blue = 200-250V; red = 380-480V. Purple and white housings are used for less than 100V, while black and green are reserved for 500V and up and frequencies exceeding 60 Hz.
IEC 60309-2 variants are designed so that a plug of one type can only be inserted into a socket of the same type. Different current ratings are distinguished by different diameters of the circular housing.
|The 16A single and three-phase variants
below are commonly used in
Europe at campings, marinas, workshops and farms.
They are rarely used for indoor domestic purposes.
In the UK the IEC 309 standard was adopted as BS 4343 in 1968, and in 1999 replaced by the European equivalent BS EN 60309.
In Britain these heavy duty plugs are often referred Commando plugs (refers to the MK Electric company Commando range of connectors).
Because CENELEC (European committee for Electrotechnical Standardization) formerly defined IEC 60309 devices as CEE 17 standard, plugs etc. are still offered, in Europe, as "CEE plugs".
60309 230V, 16A single phase wall socket. Made in de European Union by
JSL, an unknown company.
|2||IEC 60309 230V, 16A
single phase plug.
Manufacturer: JSL Material Eléctricos S.A. (Portugal).
|3||IEC 60309 230V, 16A
single phase wall inlet. Manufacturer: ABL, Germany.
The coding of the pins is shown right; PE = Protective Earth.
|4||IEC 60309 230V/400V,
wall socket. Manufacturer: Mennekes, Germany.
|5||IEC 60309 230V/400V,
16A three-phase plug and pin
coding. The preferred wire insulation colours according to IEC 60446
(2004) standard are shown in image no. 11. A variant of this plug is
in image nos 10, 12-15. Manufacturer: PC Electric, Austria.
|6||IEC 60309 230V/400V,
wall inlet.Manufacturer: REV Ritter, Germany. Pin coding is shown right.
|7||IEC 60309 230V, 16A single phase outlet to Schuko plug adapter. Manufacturer: PC Electric, Austria.|
|8||IEC 60309 16A plug wired to a Schuko connector plug. Only L1, N and PE poles are wired up. The PE pin is connected to the Schuko earth clips. Manufacturer: Mennekes, Germany (CEE plug) and ABL (Schuko plug).|
|9||IEC 60309 400V, 16A 4-pin three-phase plug.
A connection without neutral pole can be used for three-phase
electric motors, because a balanced load between L1, L2 and L3 is
assured. For safety there is always a protective earth (PE) connection.
Manufacturer: ABL-SURSUM, Germany.
|10||IEC 60309 380V,
16A 6h 4-pin three-phase socket made in Poland. Plug no. 7 fits in
the Polish IEC socket. The indication of 6h refers to the position of
the earth pin, which is at 6 o'clock (identical to socket nos. 1 and 4).
plug wired to an IEC 60309
16A five-pole, three-phase connector plug. Manufacturers: Bals, Germany
(CEE connector) and Insta (common subsidiary of Berker, Gira and Jung),
Germany (Schuko plug).
cord with IEC 60309 16A five-pole, three-phase plug with phase
inverter. See nos 14-17 for explanation. The connector at the other end
of cable is a standard IEC 60309 plug, essentially identical to socket
Certificates: CE and Semco (Sweden). Manufacturer: Hengtong Electrical Co., China. Plug type HTN715.
|13||Preferred wire insulation colours according to IEC 60446 (2004). Wires of HTCN extension cable (no. 12) have these colours.|
|14, 15||Front view of plug no. 12. L2 and L3 pins are mounted in a revolving selector wheel. When plugged in, the parallel orientation of the selector wheel results in connecting L2 pin with the black (L2) wire and L3 pin with the grey wire of the extension cable; see image no. 15. This is the standard IEC 60309 connection.|
|15, 17||With a screw driver the revolving selector wheel has been rotated 180°. The grey wire is now connected to the L2 pole of a IEC 60309 socket and the black wire to the L3 pole; see image no. 17. The phase inversion (L1-L2-L3 becomes L1-L3-L2) results in a reversed direction of rotation of a three-phase electro motor connected to the extension cord. Change of rotation direction can be achieved without rewiring, which would require dismantlement of motor or plug.|
|D i g i t a l M u s e u m o f||P l u g s a n d S o c k e t s|